Penn Park Bandstand (Wakanda Revisited)


The Black Panther movie was enlightening on so many levels. One aspect I appreciated was it’s emphasis on maintaining a Spiritual awareness or connection to our ancestral culture and traditions.

The old Bandstand on Penn Park represented one of those places to me which provided a source of Spiritual energy for our community. Many times over the years as we faced difficult times in this community, that Bandstand would serve as a rallying point for us to come together and gather strength from each other. At other times it was a place of fun, relaxation and sharing good times.

I was traumatized when it was torn down. It was like destroying a piece of our community. I, in my conspiratorial mindset always believed it was torn down deliberately by the enemies of man, who also realized its potential as a rallying point for future grievances or community uplifting events. I was particularly disturbed when the powers that be in this community spent hundreds of thousands of dollars to restore a similar edifice on Farqhuar Park.

Over the years I remember a few significant events that happened around that Bandstand including Unity Day festivities, the 1980 Pan African Unity Festival which featured Queen Mother Moore and Civil Rights activist Frankie Getter as speakers, the 1968 student protest over the use of police dogs and police brutality and of course the largest Civil Rights rally ever held in this city in 1963 with over 1500 people in attendance………….Image may contain: sky, tree and outdoor

This was spectacular. That Sunday afternoon saw every Black Church in York march from their churches to Penn Park at 12:30 pm singing We Shall Overcome in a show of unity unsurpassed in our History here. NAACP official and Master of Ceremonies for the event William Barber told the crowd that “Negroes in York will no longer patiently accept racial injustice. We will no longer be denied the freedom to develop to our full potential.” Dr. Russell Hackley, President of the local chapter of the NAACP, told the rally that every Black organization in York would be active in this effort.

Rev. Richard Manning, pastor of Shiloh Baptist church and head of the Ministers Monthly Fellowship told the crowd that the Negro Ministry has a very important role to play in this uplifting effort. Manning said “to play our part we will move our programs out of our churches on to the streets as Jesus did when he talked to the multitudes.” Rev. Thomas Montouth of Faith Presbyterian church delivered the invocation. Wade Bowers and Hildegard Beard were vocalist in the program.

Image may contain: one or more people, people standing, crowd, tree and outdoorAlmost every other power organization in the city was represented on the dias including; Mayor John Snyder, City Council president Fred Schiding,The Republican and Democratic county Chairmen, Superintendent of schools, Dr. Woodrow Brown, Jack Barnhart, president of the York Labor Council, John Padden, Executive Director of the Manufacturers Association of York, Richard Coesens, President of the Chamber of Commerce, Marty Goldman, from the Anti Defamation League of B’nai B’rith,, and John Zimmerman from the State Human Relations Commission.

Other organizations represented in addition to all of the Black churches were; Charles E Williams Post 794 of the American Legion, the Brotherly Love Lodge Elks of World, Queen Esther Temple, IBPOE OF W, Household of Ruth, Social Friendship Lodge #42 Masons. Deborah Chapter 26 Eastern Star and Crispus Attucks Association. An absolutely powerful, Historic event.

Unfortunately the loss or passing of many of the Black communities historic places and organizations has happened all too often. But although the physical might have passed on, like our Ancestral connections the Spirit lives on………Image may contain: 1 person, outdoor

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Black Leadership


A1966 photo of Eva Dianne Whidbee receiving a scholarship check from members of a newly formed group Youth Bound for College. In the photo with Ms, Whidbee is her Mother along with three members of the Newly formed group; Maurice Peters, Jim Colston and Ocania Chalk. These three men were Giants in the development of York’s Black History.

Mr. Maurice Peters took the lead in addressing much of the discrimination and racism which existed in York at the time. He was the Father of Maurice Peters Jr. who went on to become a National spokesman for the Nation of Islam as Dr. Alim Abdul Muhammad, Mr. Peters also was the lead protagonist in the effort to end discrimination at the Boys Club Pool in those days. For you who do not remember, the pool was closed for many years by the city because they did not want to admit Blacks and were ordered to do so by the Federal Government.

Mr. Jim Colston was a leader and inspiration to many of us young Black Males growing up in York at the time.Mr. Colston showed us we could be anything we put or minds to and worked hard for. He was at one time or another an insurance salesman, a milk man, a business owner, a government worker and held several other industrious positions.

Mr. Ocania Chalk became one of our most outspoken leaders of the time. He won a landmark decision against the York County Board of Assistance for discrimination. The Board of Assistance had fired Mr.Chalk from his position as caseworker because he was an out spoken proponent of Black Power and would often speak out on that topic around the community. After he was fired he took the agency to court and won a decision, won his job back and really rocked the boat at that time. I will be writing a lot more about these Black men in upcoming post.

Chalk described the purpose of the organization as one of “excavating untapped resources from York’s ghetto areas”. “We not only provide financial aid and information but we also give moral support and encouragement to the youth of thiss community”. Other charter members of Youth Bound for College were; local undertaker Russell Chapman, Raymond Crenshaw, Theodore “Teddy” Holmes, Bruce Martin Jr., Timothy Warfield, District Attorney John Rauhauser Jr., and Alex Woodard.

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